See below for a list of the scientific publications that ECOCEAN has co-authored.

Raoult, V., Pirotta, V., Gaston, T.F., Norman, B., Reynolds, S., et al. (2023) Widespread exposure of marine parks, whales, and whale sharks to shipping. Marine and Freshwater Research 74, 75-85.
Norman, B.M., Reynolds, S.D. and Morgan, D.L. (2022) Three-way symbiotic relationships in whale sharks. Pacific Conservation Biology 28, 80-83.
Wilson, R.P., Reynolds, S.D., Potts, J.R., Redcliffe, J., Holton, M., Buxton, A., Rose, K. and Norman, B.M. (2022) Highlighting when animals expend excessive energy for travel using dynamic body acceleration,
iScience, 25 (9)
Womersley, F.C., Humphries, N.E., Queiroz, N., Vedor, M., da-Costa I., Furtado M., Norman, B.M., Reynolds, S.D. et al. (2022). Global collision-risk hotspots of marine traffic and the world’s largest fish, the whale shark. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 119, e2117440119. doi: 10.1073/pnas.2117440119
Reynolds, S.D., Norman, B.M., Franklin, C.E., Bach, S.S., Comezzi, F.G., Diamant, S., Jaidah, M.Y., Pierce, S.J., Richardson, A.J., Robinson, D.P. and Rohner, C.A. (2022) Regional variation in anthropogenic threats to Indian Ocean whale sharks. Global Ecology and Conservation, 33.
Araujo, G., Agustines, A., Bach, S.S., Cochran, J.E., Parra-Galván, E.D.L., Parra-Venegas, R.D.L., Reynolds, S.D., Norman, B.M., et al., (2022) Improving sightings-derived residency estimation for whale shark aggregations: A novel metric applied to a global data set. Frontiers in Marine Science, 1339.
Udyawer, V., Huveneers, C., Jaine, F., Babcock, R.C. Norman, B.M. et al. (2022) Scaling of Activity Space in Marine Organisms across Latitudinal Gradients. The American Naturalist 201(4).

Norman, B.M., Holmberg, J.A., Arzoumanian, Z., Reynolds, S.D., et al. (2017) Undersea constellations: the global biology of an endangered marine megavertebrate further informed through citizen science. BioScience, 67(12), 1029-1043.

Reynolds, S.D., Norman, B.M., Beger, M., Franklin, C.E. and Dwyer, R.G. (2017) Movement, distribution and marine reserve use by an endangered migratory giant. Diversity and Distributions, 23(11), 1268-1279.

Norman, B.M., Whitty, J.M., Beatty, S.J., Reynolds, S.D. and Morgan, D.L. (2017) Do they stay or do they go? Acoustic monitoring of whale sharks at Ningaloo Marine Park, Western Australia. Journal of Fish Biology, 91, 1713–1720.

Williams, H.J., Holton, M.D., Shepard, E.L., Largey, N., Norman, B., Ryan, P.G., Duriez, O., Scantlebury, M., Quintana, F., Magowan, E.A. and Marks, N.J. (2017) Identification of animal movement patterns using tri-axial magnetometry. Movement Ecology, 5(1); 6.

Norman, B.M. and Morgan, D.L. (2016) The return of “Stumpy” the whale shark: two decades and counting. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 14, 449-450.

Pierce, S.J. and Norman, B. (2016) Rhincodon typus. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T19488A2365291.

Norman, B.M., Reynolds, S. and Morgan, D.L. (2016) Does the whale shark aggregate along the Western Australian coastline beyond Ningaloo Reef? Pacific Conservation Biology, 22(1), 72-80.

Ciancio, J.E., Venerus, L.A., Trobbiani, G.A., Beltramino, L.E., Gleiss, A.C., Wright, S., Norman, B., Holton, M. and Wilson, R.P. (2016) Extreme roll angles in Argentine sea bass: Could refuge ease posture and buoyancy control of marine coastal fishes? Marine Biology, 163(4), 1-11.

Wilson, G.I., Norman, B., Walker, J., Williams, H.J., Holton, M.D., Clarke, D. and Wilson, R.P. (2015) In search of rules behind environmental framing; the case of head pitch. Movement Ecology, 3(1), 1.

Anderson, D.J., Kobryn, H.T., Norman, B.M., Bejder, L., Tyne, J.A. and Loneragan, N.R. (2014) Spatial and temporal patterns of nature-based tourism interactions with whale sharks (Rhincodon typus) at Ningaloo Reef, Western Australia. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 148, 109-119.

Gleiss, A.C., Wright, S., Liebsch, N., Wilson, R.P. and Norman, B. (2013) Contrasting diel patterns in vertical movement and locomotor activity of whale sharks at Ningaloo Reef. Marine Biology, 160 (11), 2981-2992.

Li, W., Wang, Y. and Norman, B. (2012) A preliminary survey of whale shark Rhincodon typus catch and trade in China: an emerging crisis. Journal of Fish Biology, 80 (5). 1608-1618.

Gleiss, A.C., Norman, B.N. and Wilson, R.P. (2011) Moved by that sinking feeling: variable diving geometry underlies movement strategies in Whale Sharks. Functional Ecology, Vol. 25, Issue 3: 595–607.

Gleiss, A.C., Block, B.A., Campagna, C., Grundy, E., Hays, G., Jorgensen, J., Liebsch, N., Norman, B., Quintana, F., Sala, J., Trites, A. and Wilson, R.P. (2011) Convergent evolution in locomotory patterns of flying and swimming animals. Nature Communications. doi: 10.1038/ncomms1350.

Catlin, J., Jones, T., Norman, B. and Wood, D. (2010) Consolidation in a Wildlife Tourism Industry: The Changing Impact of Whale Shark Tourist Expenditure in the Ningaloo Coast Region. International Journal of Tourism Research. Vol. 12, Issue 2: 134-148.

Schmidt, J.V., Chien, C-C., Sheikh, S.I., Meekan, M.G., Norman, B.M. and Joung, S-J. (2010) Paternity analysis in a litter of whale shark embryos. Endangered Species Research, 12:117-124.

Norman, B.M., Bradley, D.E. and Holmberg, J.A. (2010) Whale Shark Photo-identification Monitoring at Ningaloo Marine Park 2010. Unpublished Report for WA Department of Environment and Conservation, Exmouth, Western Australia 12pp.
Norman, B. (2009) ECOCEAN Best Practice Whale Shark Ecotourism UNEP MANUAL. Technical Report (United Nations Environment Program – Regional Seas) 7pp.

Holmberg, J. and Norman, B. (2009) ECOCEAN Whale Shark Photo-identification – UNEP MANUAL. Technical Report (United Nations Environment Program – Regional Seas) 69pp.

Jones, T., Wood, D., Catlin, J. and Norman, B. (2009) Expenditure and ecotourism: predictors of expenditure for whale shark tour participants. Journal of Ecotourism Vol. 8, Issue 1: 32-50.

Gleiss, A.C., Norman, B., Liebsch, N., Francis, C. and Wilson, R.P. (2009) A new prospect for tagging large free-swimming sharks with motion-sensitive data-loggers. Fisheries Research 97: 11-16.

Holmberg, J., Norman, B. and Arzoumanian, Z. (2009) Estimating population size, structure, and residency time for whale sharks Rhincodon typus through collaborative photo-identification. Endangered Species Research Vol. 7: 39-53.

Holmberg, J., Norman, B. and Arzoumanian, Z. (2008) Robust, comparable population metrics through collaborative photo-monitoring of whale sharks Rhincodon typus. Ecological Applications18(1): 222-223.

Norman, B. and Stevens, J. (2007) Size and maturity status of the whale shark (Rhincodon typus) at Ningaloo Reef in Western Australia. Fisheries Research Vol. 84, Issue 1, 81-86.

Arzoumanian, Z., Holmberg, J. and Norman, B. (2005) An astronomical pattern-matching algorithm for computer-aided identification of whale sharks Rhincodon typus. Journal of Applied Ecology 42, 999-1011.